ABDULLAHI AHMED AN-NAcIM
Charles Howard Candler Professor
CURRICULUM VITAE (until
School of Law, Emory University
1301 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA
Tel: 001 404 727 1198; Fax: 001
404 727 6820 or 3374
TEACHING AND PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE
June 1995- present: Professor of Law
at Emory University, Atlanta, GA, U.S.A.
July 1993 - April 1995: Executive Director Human
Rights Watch/Africa, Washington, DC., U.S.A.
July 1992 - June 1993: Scholar-in-Residence,
The Ford Foundation Office for the Middle East and North Africa, Cairo,
August 1991- June 1992: Olof Palme Visiting
Professor, Faculty of Law, Uppsala University, Sweden.
August 1988- January 1991: Ariel F. Sallows
Professor of Human Rights,College of Law, University of Saskatchewan,
August 1985- July 1987: Visiting Professor of
Law, School of Law, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA),
Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A.
November 1976- June 85: Lecturer and Associate
Professor of Law ( Head, Department. of Public Law 1979-85), University
of Khartoum, The Sudan.
Ph.D. in Law, University of Edinburgh, SCOTLAND
Dissertation on comparative pre-trial criminal
procedure: English, Scottish, American and Sudanese Law.
Diploma in Criminology (M.A.), University of
LL.B. (Honours) (LL.M.), University of Cambridge,
LL.B. (Honours), University of Khartoum, SUDAN,
TOWARD AN ISLAMIC REFORMATION: CIVIL LIBERTIES,
HUMAN RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL LAW. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University
* Soft-cover edition by American University in
Cairo, Egypt, 1992)
* Translated and published in Arabic (1994) and
SUDANESE CRIMINAL LAW: THE GENERAL PRINCIPLES
OF CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY. (Arabic). Omdurman, The Sudan: Huriya Press,
PROSELYTIZATION AND COMMUNAL SELF-DETERMINATION
Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books, 1999
UNIVERSAL RIGHTS, LOCAL REMEDIES: Legal Protection
of Human Rights under the Constitutions of African Countries.
London: Interights, 1999.
THE CULTURAL DIMENSIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE
ARAB WORLD. (Arabic).
Cairo, Egypt: Ibn Khaldoun Center, 1993.
HUMAN RIGHTS IN CROSS-CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES:
QUEST FOR CONSENSUS.
Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.
With J. D. Gort, H. Jansen, & H. M. Vroom,
HUMAN RIGHTS AND RELIGIOUS VALUES.
Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing
Company , 1995.
With Francis Deng, HUMAN RIGHTS IN AFRICA: CROSS-CULTURAL
Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 1990.
Arabic translation: CRY OF THE OWL (a political
novel) by Francis Deng, Cairo: Midlight, 1991.
English translation with an Introduction: THE SECOND
MESSAGE OF ISLAM BY USTADH MAHMOUD MOHAMED TAHA. Syracuse University Press,
ARTICLES and CHAPTERS
40. "Introduction: Competing Claims
to Religious Freedom and Communal Self-Determination." In Abdullahi
Ahmed An-Na`im, editor, PROSELYTIZATION AND COMMUNAL SELF- DETERMINATION
IN AFRICA. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1999, pp. 1-28.
39. "Human Rights and Islamic Identity
in France and Uzbekistan: Mediation of the Local and Global." Occasional
Paper, Claus M. Halle Institute for Global Learning, Emory University,
38. "The Position of Islamic States Regarding
the Universal Declaration of Human Rights." In Peter Baehr, Cees Flinterman
and Mignon Senders, editors, INNOVATION AND INSPIRATION: FIFTY YEARS OF
THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS. Amsterdam, the Netherlands:
The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1999, pp. 177-192
37. "Universality of Human Rights: An Islamic
Perspective." In Nisuke Ando, editor, JAPAN AND INTERNATIONAL LAW:
PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE. The Hague, Netherlands: Kluwer Law International,
1999, pp. 311-325.
36. "The Cultural Mediation of Human Rights
Implementation: Al-Arqam Case in Malaysia." In Joanne Bauer and Daniel
Bell, editors, HUMAN RIGHTS IN EAST ASIA. New York: Cambridge University
Press, 1999, pp. 147-168.
35. "Human Rights and the Challenge
of Relevance: The Case of Collective Rights." In Monique Castermans-Holleman,
Fried van Hoof & Jacqueline Smith, editors, THE ROLE OF THE NATION-STATE
IN THE 21ST CENTURY: HUMAN RIGHTS, INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND FOREIGN
POLICY, Essays in Honour of Peter Baehr. The Hague: Kluwer Law International,
1998, pp. 3-16.
34. "Expanding the Limits of Imagination:
Human Rights from a Participatory Approach to New Multilateralism,"
Michael G. Schechter, editor, INNOVATION IN MULTILATERALISM. Tokyo, New
York, Paris: United Nations University Press, 1998, pp. 205-222.
33. "Islam and Human Rights in Sahilian
Africa," in Eva Evers Rosander and David Westerlund, editors, AFRICAN
ISLAM AND ISLAM IN AFRICA. Uppsala, Sweden: The Nordic Africa Institute
and Uppsala University , 1997, pp. 79-94.
32. "The Contingent Universality of Human
Rights: The Case of Freedom of Expression in African and Islamic Contexts,"
EMORY INTERNATIONAL LAW REVIEW, vol. 10:3, 1997, pp. 29-66.
31. "Cultural Transformations and Human Rights
in Africa: A Preliminary Report," (with Amy Madigan and Gary Minkley).
EMORY INTERNATIONAL LAW REVIEW, vol. 10:3, 1997, pp. 287-349.
30. "Self Determination and Unity: The Case
of Sudan," (with Francis Deng) LAW & SOCIETY (State University
of New York at Buffalo), vol. 18, 1997, pp. 199-223.
29. "Islamic Foundations of Religious Human
Rights," in John Witte, Jr., and Johan D. van der Vyver, editors.,
RELIGIOUS HUMAN RIGHTS IN GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES: RELIGIOUS PERSPECTIVES.
The Hague, Boston, London: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1996, pp. 337-359.
28. "Toward an Islamic Hermeneutics for
Human Rights," in Abdullahi A. An-Na'im et al., editors, HUMAN
RIGHTS AND RELIGIOUS VALUES. Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA: William B. Eerdmans
Publishing Company, 1995, Chapter 16.
27. "State Responsibility Under International
Human Rights Law to Change Religious and Customary Law," in Rebecca
J. Cook, editor, HUMAN RIGHTS OF WOMEN: NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVES.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994,
26. "Cultural Transformation and Normative
Consensus on the Best Interest of the Child," INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL
OF LAW AND THE FAMILY, vol. 8 (1994), pp. 62-81. Also published in Philip
Alston, editor, THE BEST INTEREST OF THE CHILD: RECONCILING CULTURE AND
HUMAN RIGHTS. Oxford: UNICEF, Clarendon Press, 1994, pp. 62-81.
25. "Eritrean Independence and African Constitutionalism:
A Sudanese Perspective," in Amare Takle, editor, ERITREA AND ETHIOPIA:
FROM CONFLICT TO COOPERATION. Lawrenceville, NJ, USA: The Red Sea Press,
1994, Chapter 7.
24. "The National Question, Secession and
Constitutionalism: The Mediation of Competing Claims to Self-Determination,"
in Stanley N. Katz, Doug Greenberg and Steve Wheatley, editors, CONSTITUTIONALISM
& DEMOCRACY: TRANSITIONS IN THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD. New York: Oxford
University Press, 1993, pp. 105-25.
23. "Constitutional Discourse and the Civil
War in the Sudan," in M.W. Daly and Ahmad Alawad Sikainga, editors,
CIVIL WAR IN THE SUDAN. London, New York: British Academic Press, 1993,
22. "Cross-Cultural Support for Equitable
Participation in Sub-Saharan Africa," in Kathleen E. Mahoney and Paul
J. Mahoney, editors, HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: A GLOBAL
CHALLENGE. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Martinus Nijoff, 1992, PP. 133-48.
21. "Civil Rights in the Islamic Constitutional
Traditions: Shared Ideals and Divergent Regimes," Chicago, Illinois,
USA: THE JOHN MARSHALL LAW REVIEW, vol. 25:2 (1992), pp. 267-93.
20. "Islam and National Integration in the
Sudan," in John O. Hunwick, editor, RELIGION AND NATIONAL INTEGRATION
IN AFRICA: ISLAM, CHRISTIANITY AND POLITICS IN THE SUDAN AND NIGERIA. Evanston,
IL, USA: Northwestern University Press, 1992, pp. 11-37.
19. "Toward a Cross-Cultural Approach to
Defining International Standards of Human Rights: The Meaning of Cruel,
Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment," in Abdullahi A. An-Na’im,
editor, HUMAN RIGHTS IN CROSS-CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES. Philadelphia, PA,
USA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1992, pp. 19-43.
18. "Problems of Universal Cultural Legitimacy
for Human Rights," in Abdullahi A. An-Nai’im and F. M. Deng, editors,
HUMAN RIGHTS IN AFRICA: CROSS-CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES. Washington D.C., USA:
The Brookings Institution, 1990, pp. 331-67.
17. "Islam, Islamic Law and the Dilemma
of Cultural Legitimacy for Universal Human Rights," in Claude Welch
and Virginia Leary, editors, ASIAN PERSPECTIVES ON HUMAN RIGHTS. Boulder,
CO, USA: Westview Press, 1990, pp. 31-54.
16. "Human Rights in the Muslim World: Socio-Political
Conditions and Scriptural Imperatives," HARVARD HUMAN RIGHTS JOURNAL,
vol. 3, 1990, pp. 13-52.
15. "Islamic Ambivalence to Political Violence:
Islamic Law and International Terrorism," GERMAN YEARBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL
LAW, vol. 31, 1988, pp. 307-336.
14. "Mahmud Muhammad Taha and the Crisis
in Islamic Law Reform: Implications for Interreligious Relations,"
JOURNAL OF ECUMENICAL STUDIES, Philadelphia, PA, USA (Temple University)
vol. 25:1, 1988, pp. 1-21.
13. "The Rights of Women and International
Law in the Muslim Context," WHITTIER LAW REVIEW, vol. 9:3 1987, pp.
12. "Islamic Law, International Relations
and Human Rights: Challenge and Response," CORNELL INTERNATIONAL LAW
JOURNAL, vol. 20:2, 1987, pp. 317-335.
11. "Christian-Muslim Relations in the Sudan:
Peaceful Co-existence at Risk," in Kail C. Ellis, editor, VATICAN,
ISLAM AND THE MIDDLE EAST. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1987, pp.
10. "Religious Minorities under Islamic Law
and the Limits of Cultural Relativism," HUMAN RIGHTS QUARTERLY, (The
Johns Hopkins University Press) vol. 9:1, 1987, pp, 1-18.
9. "The Islamic Law of Apostasy and its
Modern Applicability: A Case from The Sudan," RELIGION, (Academic Press,
London) vol. 16, 1986, pp. 197-223.
8. "Religious Freedom in Egypt: Under the
Shadow of the Dhimma System," in Leonard Swidler, editor, RELIGIOUS
LIBERTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS IN NATIONS AND RELIGIONS. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,
USA: Ecumenical Press; New York: Hippocrene Books, 1986, pp. 43-59.
7. "Detention Without Trial in the Sudan:
The Use and Abuse of Legal Powers," COLUMBIA HUMAN RIGHTS LAW REVIEW,
vol. 17, 1986, pp. 159-187.
4. "A Modern Approach to Human Rights in
Islam: Foundations and Implications for Africa," in Claude Welch and
Ronald Meltzer, editors, HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA. Albany,
New York, USA: State University of New York, 1984, pp. 75-89.
3. "Pre-Trial Custody and Release in the
Sudan," SUDAN NOTES AND RECORDS, (University of Khartoum) vol. 63,
1982, pp. 20-38.
2. "The Many Hats of the Sudanese Magistrate:
Role Conflict in Sudanese Criminal Procedure," JOURNAL OF AFRICAN LAW
(University of London ) vol. 22:1, 1978, pp. 50-62.
1. "A Comparative Approach to Some Problems
of Pre-Trial Discovery," SUDAN LAW JOURNAL AND REPORTS, 1974, pp. 75-95.
SHORT ARTICLES AND BOOK REVIEWS
17. "The Spirit of the Ghost of Islamic Law," THE
GREEN BAG, 2D Series, Volume 2, No. 4, Summer 1999, pp. 441-447.
16."Promises We Should All Keep in Common Cause," in Joshua
Cohen, Matthew Howard and Martha C. Nussbaum, editors, IS MULTICULTURALISM
BAD FOR WOMEN? Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999, pp.
15. "The Universal Declaration as a Living and Evolving
Common Standard of Achievement," in Barend van der Heijden and Bahia Tahzib-Lie,
editors, REFLECTIONS ON THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS: A FIFTIETH
ANNIVERSARY ANTHOLOGY, (the Hague, the Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
1998, pp. 45-51.
14. "Consciousness of Vulnerability," in Ministry of Foreign
Affairs of Sweden, A HUMAN RIGHTS MESSAGE, 1998, pp. 16-19.
13. Reforming Islam: Sudan and the Paradox of Self-Determination,"
HARVARD INTERNATIONAL REVIEW", vol. XIX:2, 1997, pp. 24-27, and 64.
12. "A New Islamic Politics: Faith and Human Rights in the Middle
East," FOREIGN AFFAIRS, vol. 75:3, 1996, pp. 122-26.
11. "Which Way Islam- Democracy or Oppression?" and "Gender and Democracy
in the Islamic Context: The Current Experience of Sudan," in Mia Melin,
editor, DEMOCRACY IN AFRICA: ON WHOSE TERMS? Stockholm, Sweden: Forum Syd,
1995, pp. 129-36 and 197-204, respectively.
10. "What Do We Mean by Universal?" INDEX ON CENSORSHIP, Sept./October,
1994, pp. 120-28.
9. "Toward an Islamic Reformation: Islamic Law in History and Society
Today," and "Umma and Citizenry in a Contemporary Muslim Country," in Norani
Othman, editor, SHARI'A LAW AND THE MODERN NATION-STATE. Kuala Lumpur,
Malaysia: SIS Forum, 1994, Chapters 2 and 7.
8. "Toward an Islamic Reformation: Responses and Reflections," and
"The Application of SHARI’A (Islamic Law) and Human Rights Violations in
the Sudan," in Tore Lindholm and Kari Vogt, editors, ISLAMIC LAW REFORM:
CHALLENGES AND REJOINDERS. Oslo, Norway: Norwegian Institute of Human Rights,
1993, Chapters 6 and 8.
7. "A Kinder, Gentler Islam?" TRANSITION, vol. 52, 1991, pp. 4-16.
6. Review of Rainer Knopff with Thomas Flangan, HUMAN RIGHTS AND
SOCIAL TECHNOLOGY: THE NEW WAR ON DISCRIMINATION, Ottawa, Canada: Carleton
University Press, 1989, published in THE CANADIAN BAR REVIEW, vol. 69:2,
1990, pp. 389-93.
5. Review of Bradford W. Morse and Gordeon R. Woodman, editors, INDIGENOUS
LAW AND THE STATE, Providence, RI: Foris Publications, 1988, published
in THE CANADIAN BAR REVIEW, vol. 68:1 (1989), pp. 217-21.
4. "Constitutionalism and Islamization in the Sudan," AFRICA TODAY,
vol. 36:3 and 4, 1989, pp. 11-28.
3. "The OAU and the Rights of Peoples to Self-Determination: A Plea
for a Fresh Approach," AFRICA TODAY, vol. 35:3 and 4 1988, pp. 27-36.
2. Review of R.P. Anand, CONFRONTATION OR COOPERATION? INTERNATIONAL
LAW AND THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, New Delhi, India: Banyan Publications,
1984; and Anthony Carty, A REAPPRAISAL OF THE LIMITS OF LEGAL IMAGINATION
IN INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS, Manchester: England, Manchester University Press,
1986, published in COLUMBIA JOURNAL OF TRANSNATIONAL LAW, vol. 26:1, 1987,
1. Review of D. Trindade and H. Lee, editors, THE CONSTITUTION OF
MALAYSIA: FURTHER PERSPECTIVES AND DEVELOPMENTS New York: Oxford University
Press, 1986, published in COLUMBIA JOURNAL OF TRANSNATIONAL LAW, vol. 25:3,
1987, pp. 197-204.
GRANTS AND FELLOWSHIPS
Oct. 1999- Sept. 2002: $208,000 Grant from the
Ford Foundation To the Law and Religion Program of Emory University) for
continuation of Women and Land in Africa project (below).
Sept. 1998-August 2000: $371,000 Grant from the
Ford Foundation To the Law and Religion Program of Emory University) for
global study of the practice and adaptation of Islamic Family Law throughout
the world, with pilot country studies of Egypt and USA.
March 1996-August 1998: $318,000 Grant from the
Ford Foundation To the Law and Religion Program of Emory University) for
project on Cultural Transformation and Human Rights in Africa, focusing
on the impact of culture (including religious and customary law) on women
and rights land in Ethiopia, Cameroon, Nigeria, Senegal and Uganda. The
project also co-organized two workshops, one at the University of Cape
Town, South Africa, March 11-13, 1997; and the second in Entebbe, Uganda,
April 23-27, 1998.
April- August 1995: Individual Research Grant,
American Council of Learned Societies Research for a book on constitutionalism
January-April 1991: Visiting Fellow, Human
Rights Program, Harvard Law School, Cambridge, MA, U.S.A. Working on a
research project about human rights in the Muslim world, with special emphasis
on Algeria, Egypt and Pakistan.
April 1990-July 1991: Individual Research Grant,
the Ford Foundation For research on human rights in cross-cultural perspectives,
with special reference to Islamic societies.
August 1987-June 1988: Fellow, Woodrow Wilson
International Center for Scholars, Washington, D.C. Research and
Writing grant from John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and
a fellowship from the Wilson Center. Co-organized (with Dr. Francis Deng)
a workshop on human rights in Africa.
April -June 1985: Individual Grant, the
Ford Foundation For research on Islam and human right
Sept. 1981-June 1982: Rockefeller Fellow,
Center for the Study of Human Rights, Columbia University, New York City,
AWARDS, NAMED LECTURES, VISITING
APPOINTMENTS and SPECIAL PRESENTATIONS
December 12, 1999
Recipient of the 1999 Dr. J.P. van Praag Award
of the Dutch Humanist Ethical Society for promoting the protection of Human
May 1 to July 31, 1999
Visiting professor, School of Human Rights
Research, Faculty of Law, Utrecht University, the Netherlands.
December 14-25, 1998
Short course in International Human Rights
Law, The Academy of State and Social Construction under the President,
December 7, 1998
The 1998 Professor Noel Coulson Memorial Lecture,
School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, "The Shari’a
and Positive Legislation: Is an Islamic State Possible or Viable?"
September 17, 1998
Great Teachers Lecture, Emory University, GA,
USA, "Human Rights and the Dangers of Apathy."
January 23-24, 1997
Visiting Scholar, Maxwell School of Citizenship
and Public Affairs, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA, for "Conversation
on Fundamentalism and Human Rights on the 10th Anniversary of the Program
on the Analysis and Resolution of Conflict."
November 14, 1996
Bays Blackwell Lecture, Emory & Henry College,
VA., "Human Rights in Cross-Cultural Perspectives: Islamic and Western."
May 9, 1994
The 1994 Annual Toward Freedom/William B. Lloyd
Lecture, Program of African Studies, Northwestern University, Evanston,
Ill. U.S.A. , "Toward Building a Human Rights Culture in Africa."
March 3-6, 1994
The Second Parool/Index on Censorship Double
Lecture (with Ronald Dworkin), Guardians of Dissent II, Conference on Censorship
and Freedom of Expression, Theatre De Balie, Amsterdam, the Netherlands,
"Is Freedom Expression a Universal Right?"
CURRENT PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS
Member of the Board of Trustees, The Population
Council, New York, NY, U.S. A
Member of the Board, Institute for Human Rights
and Development, Serrekunda, The Gambia.
Member of the International Council on Human
Rights Policy, Geneva, Switzerland (member of Founding Board of the Council,
International Advisory Council of the International
Center for the Legal Protection of Human Rights (Interights), London, UK.
International Advisory Council, AFRONET (Inter-African
Network for Human Rights & Development), Lusaka, Zambia.
Board of Trustees of RAINBOW(Research, Action
& Information Network for Bodily Integrity of Women), New York, U.S.A.
Board of Trustees of the Cairo Institute for
Human Rights Studies, Egypt.
Advisory Board, Urban Morgan Institute for
Human Rights, College of Law, University of Cincinnati, U.S.A.
International Third World Legal Studies Association,
New York, U.S.A. Vice President, 1989-90. President 1990-1998.
CURRENT EDITORIAL POSITIONS
1998-present: Editorial Board, INTERNATIONAL
POLITICS (Kluwer Law International)
1998-present: Co-editor, Orbis Books
Inc. Series in Religion and Human Rights.
1995-present: Co-editor, RAWAQ ARABI
(Journal of the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies).
1995-present: Advisory Editorial Board,
HUMAN RIGHTS QUARTERLY
1988-present: Editorial Board, THIRD
WORLD LEGAL STUDIES, Published by Third World Legal
Studies Association and School of Law, Valparaiso
University, Valparaiso, Indiana, U.S.A.
MAJOR RECENT (last 5 years) PUBLIC
LECTURES, PRESENTATIONS, ETC.
-- Lecture, "Islamic Law, International Relations
and Human Rights," Department of International Law of the High Institute
for International Relations, Maputo, Mozambique, Nov. 29th, 1999.
-- Public Lecture, "Human Rights in Africa,"
Faculty of Law, the Catholic University, Nampula city, Mozambique, Nov.
-- Public Lecture, "Cultural Transformations
in Africa: Human Rights Paradigm," Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo,
Mozambique, Nov. 24th, 1999.
-- Public Lecture, "The Application of Islamic
Family Law by the State," the Sunnee Surtee Hall, Port Louis, Mauritius,
Nov. 19, 1999.
-- Public Lecture, "International Human Rights,"
Mahatma Gandhi Institute, Moka, Mauritius, Nov. 17th, 1999.
-- Round table discussion, "Globalization and
Cultural Difference," Mahatma Gandhi Institute, Moka, Mauritius, Nov. 16,
-- Paper presentation, "The Position of Islamic
States vis-a-vis the Universal Declaration of Human Rights," 50th Anniversary
of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Royal Netherlands Academy
of Arts and Sciences, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, December 10-11, 1998.
-- Paper Presentation, "Islamic Foundations
of Women’s Human Rights in Family and Society," Islam, Reproductive Health
and Women’s Rights, a Regional Workshop, Sisters in Islam Forum, Kuala
Lumpur, Malaysia, August 20-23, 1998.
-- Paper presentation, "Islamic Perspective
on the Universality of Human Rights," Symposium for the Commemoration of
the Centenary of the Japanese Association of International Law, in Kyoto,
Japan, September 13-14, 1997.
-- Co-organizer and paper presentation, "The
Politics of Islamization in Africa: Constitutional and Legal Implications,"
Workshop on Cultural Transformation, Religion, Law and Human Rights in
Africa, Center for African Studies, University of Cape Town, South Africa,
March 11-13, 1997.
-- Participant, Southern Africa Consultation,
Project on Proselytization of the Law and Religion Program, Emory University,
Cape Town, South Africa, March 5-8, 1997.
-- Co-organizer (with CODESRIA), East, North
and West Africa Consultation, Project on Proselytization of the Law and
Religion Program of Emory University, Dakar, Senegal, May 18-22, 1997.
-- Panelist and Chair, "African Legal Systems;"
Chair/Discussant, "Local Implementation of Global Human Rights," Joint
Annual Meetings of the American Law & Society Association and the British
Research Committee on Sociology of Law, Glasgow, Scotland, U.K., July 10-13,
-- Panelist, "Human Rights - a Question of Principles
or Interests?" and "Human Rights Activism," Palme Days, The Olof Palme
International Center, Stockholm, Sweden, June 15-16, 1996.
-- Speaker, "Islam, Authority and the Law in
the Modern State," Public Debate, PROLOGUES, Revue Maghrebine du Livre,
Casablanca, Morocco, December 7, 1995.
-- Keynote speaker, "Religion, Peace and Human
Rights in Cross-Cultural Perspectives," International Conference on Religious
Extremism, Peace and Human Rights," McGill University, Montreal, Canada,
September 11, 1995.
-- Paper presentation, "Competing Visions of
History in Inter-Islamic Discourse and Islamic Western Dialogue," Conference
on Cultural Difference and Intercultural Communication in Historical Thinking,
Center for Interdisciplinary Research, University of Bielefeld, Germany,
July 17-20, 1995.
-- Keynote speaker, "Freedom of Expression as
a Universal Human Right," International Symposium at the Zimbabwe International
Book Fair, Harare, Zimbabwe, June 28, 1995.
-- Panelist, "Civil Wars in Africa," Department
of Political Science, University of Toronto, Canada, May 25-26, 1995.
-- Coordinator and participant, "Human Rights
and the Police and Internal Security Forces in Sub-Saharan Africa," International
Third World Legal Studies Association, InterAfrica Group and the University
of Addis Ababa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, March 12-14, 1995.
-- Speaker, "The Universality of Human Rights:
A Debate," House of World Cultures, Berlin, Germany, February 4, 1995.
-- Panel discussion, "Is Multiculturalism Bad
for Women," Department of Political Science, Mass. Institute of Technology,
October 6, 1999.
-- Round table Discussion, "Islamic Law and
Peace in the Middle East," National Committee on American Foreign Policy,
New York City, September 28, 1999.
-- Panel presentation, "Human Rights Between
International Law and International Relations," Conference on Humanitarian
Crises, Preventive Measure Through Human Rights, Conrd N. Hilton Foundation,
Waldorf Astoria Hotel, New York City, September 28, 1999.
-- Paper presentation, "Islamic Identity and
Citizenship: Reflections on Central Asia and Western Europe," Conference
on Identities and Institutions in a Changing Europe, the Claus M. Halle
Institute for Global Learning, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA, November
-- Paper presentation, "Social Movments Revisted:
Mediation of Contradictory Roles," Conference on Truth, Healing and Social
Justice: From Biafra to Bosnia," Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire,
USA, August 7-9, 1998.
-- Panelist on Human Rights, "Prerequisites
of Participation: Basic Rights," at Conference on the Challenge of Modern
Democracy, University of Chicago, April 9-11, 1998.
-- Speaker at conference, "Toward a ‘Social
Foreign Policy’ with Asia: Fostering Links between Americans and East Asians
on Shared Social Concerns," Carnegie Council on Ethics and International
Relations and the United States Institute of Peace, Washington DC, April
-- Paper presentation, "Legal Protection of
Human Rights in Africa: How to do More with Less," Amherst College, February
-- Panelist, conference on "Islam and Peace
in the 21st Century," American University, Washington DC, February 6-7,
-- Panelist, discussion on religion and human
rights organized by the Journal of Religious Ethics at a meeting
of the Society of Christian Ethics, Atlanta, January 9, 1998.
-- Paper presentation, "Religious Perspectives
on the Rule of Law," lead essay for the Working Group on Religious Perspectives
on the Rule of Law, Conference on the Relevance of Religion to Lawyers
Work, Fordham University School of Law, June 1-3, 1997.
-- Paper presentation "Concepts of Human Rights
in Islam," Center for International & Comparative Studies, Northwestern
University, April 15, 1997.
-- Speaker, "Tension between Human Rights Standards
and Cultural Diversity: The Case of Women and Islam," Swarthmore College,
PA, April 8, 1997.
-- Public Lecture, " Political Islam and the
Politics of Identity, School of Advanced International Studies, John Hopkins
University, Washington DC, February 18, 1997.
-- Public Lecture, "Freedom of Expression or
the Right to Expression: A Positive View of a Fundamental Right in the
African Context," University of Washington, Seattle, WA, February 13, 1997.
-- Plenary Speaker, "Retrieval or Construction
of Identities? Competing Paradigms in Islamic Discourse" at the Sawyer
Seminar on "Religion, Law and the Construction of Identities," The University
of Chicago Divinity School and the Chicago Humanities Institute, January
-- Participant in "Seminar on East Asian Perceptions
of International Human Rights," Harvard Law School, December 6-7, 1996.
-- Presentation, "Human Rights Activism in Africa:
Breaking Dependency and Building Partnership," Department of Anthropology
and Institute of African Studies of Emory University, October 21, 1996.
-- Paper presentation, "Human Dignity and Rights
as Bases for Sovereignty in Africa," International Conference on Sovereignty
and Accountability in Africa, the Brookings Institution, Washington DC.,
June 24-25, 1996.
-- Discussant at an International Conference,
"Universalizing from Particulars: Islamic Views on Human Rights in Comparative
Perspective," Center of International Studies, Princeton University, Princeton,
NJ, U.S.A. May 24-26, 1996.
-- Public lecture, "Interreligious Relations
in Africa Today," Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Butler
University, Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.A., April 11, 1996.
-- Panelist, "Global Change, Human Rights and
People-Centered Development," School of Law, Rutgers University, Newark,
NJ, March 21, 1996.
-- Panelist, "Human Rights: How Universal are
Human Rights Norms?" Department of Religious Studies, University of Tennessee,
Knoxville, Tennessee, U.S.A. March 5, 1996.
-- Panelist, "Addressing World Population Through
Equal Justice for Women," Seventh Annual Conference of the National Association
of Women Judges, International Association of Women Judges, Carter Center,
Atlanta, GA, October 7, 1995.
-- Keynote speaker, "Internal and External Self-Determination
as Framework for Conflict Resolution in Sudan," Annual Meeting of the Sudan
Studies Association, Villanova University, Philadelphia, PA, U.S.A. May
As revised January 2000